Physiology Free Notes Download – B.Sc. Nursing

Unit I

Cell Physiology

Tissue-formation-repair
Membranes & glands – functions
Alterations in disease
Applications and implications in nursing

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Unit II

The Skeletal System

Bone formation & Growth
Bones – Functions and movements of axial and appendicular skeleton, bone healing
Joints and joint movement
Alterations in disease
Applications and implications in nursing

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Unit III

The Muscular System

Muscle movements, Muscle tone, Physiology of muscle contraction, levels and
maintenance of posture
Alterations in disease
Applications and implications in nursing

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Unit IV

The Nervous system

Functions of Neurolgia & neurons
Stimulus & nerve-impulse-definitions and mechanism
Functions of brain, spinal cord, renal and spinal nerves
Cerebrospinal fluid-composition, circulation and function
Reflex arc, Reflex action and reflexes
Autonomic Functions
Pain: somatic, visceral, and referred
Autonomic learning and biofeedback
Alternations in disease
Applications and implications in nursing

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Unit V

Circulatory System

Blood formation, composition, blood groups, blood coagulation
Hemoglobin: Structure, synthesis and breakdown, Variation of molecules,
estimation
Functions of Heart, Conduction, Cardiac cycle, circulation – Principles, Control,
factors influencing BP and Pulse
Alternations in disease
Applications and implications in nursing

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Unit VI

The Respiratory System

Functions of respiratory organs
Physiology of respiration
Pulmonary ventilation, Volume
Mechanics of respiration
Gaseous exchange in lungs
Carriage of oxygen & carbon-dioxide
Exchange of gases in tissues
Regulation of respiration
Alternations in disease
Applications and implications in nursing

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Unit VII

The Digestive system

Functions of organs of digestive tract. Movements of alimentary tract, Digestion in
mouth, stomach, small intestines, Large intestines, Absorption of food. Functions of
liver, gall bladder and pancreas
Metabolism of carbohydrates. Protein and fat

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Unit VIII

The Excretory System

Functions of kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder & urethra
Composition of urine
Mechanism of urine formation
Functions of skin as excretory organ
Regulation of body temperature
Fluid and electrolyte balance
Alternations in disease
Applications and implications in nursing

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Unit IX

The Sensory Organs

Functions of skin, eye, ear, nose, tongue.
Alternations in disease
Applications and implications in nursing

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Unit X

The Endocrine System

Functions of Pituitary, pineal body, thymus, Thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas,
Suprarenal, Placenta and ovaries & Testes
Alternations in disease
Applications and implications in nursing

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Unit XI

The Reproductive system

Reproduction of cells–DNA, Mitosis, Meiosis, spermatogenesis, oogenesis.
Functions of female reproductive organs; Functions of breast, female sexual cycle.
Functions of male reproductive organs, male functions in reproduction, male fertility
system.
Alternations in disease
Applications and implications in nursing

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Unit XII

Lymphatic and Immunological System

Circulation of lymph
Immunity
Formation of T-cells and B cells
Types of immune response
Antigens
Cytokines
Antibodies

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