Pharmacognosy (ER20-13T) Free Notes Download – D. Pharm

 Chapter 1

Definition, history, present status and scope of Pharmacognosy

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Chapter 2

Classification of drugs:
● Alphabetical
● Taxonomical
● Morphological
● Pharmacological
● Chemical
● Chemo-taxonomical

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Chapter 3

Quality control of crude drugs:
● Different methods of adulteration of crude drugs
● Evaluation of crude drugs

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Chapter 4

Brief outline of occurrence, distribution, isolation, identification tests, therapeutic activity and pharmaceutical applications of alkaloids, terpenoids, glycosides, volatile oils,
tannins and resins.

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Chapter 5

Biological source, chemical constituents and therapeutic efficacy of the following categories of crude drugs.
Laxatives – Aloe, Castor oil, Ispaghula, Senna
Cardiotonic – Digitalis, Arjuna
Carminatives and G.I. regulators – Coriander, Fennel, Cardamom, Ginger, Clove, Black Pepper, Asafoetida, Nutmeg, Cinnamon
Astringents – Myrobalan, Black Catechu, Pale Catechu
Drugs acting on nervous system –  Hyoscyamus, Belladonna, Ephedra, Opium, Tea leaves, Coffee seeds, Coca
Anti-hypertensive – Rauwolfia
Anti-tussive – Vasaka, Tolu Balsam
Anti-rheumatics – Colchicum seed
Anti-tumour – Vinca, Podophyllum
Antidiabetics – Pterocarpus, Gymnema
Diuretics  – Gokhru, Punarnava
Anti-dysenteric – Ipecacuanha
Antiseptics and disinfectants – Benzoin, Myrrh, Neem, Turmeric
Antimalarials – Cinchona, Artemisia
Oxytocic – Ergot
Vitamins – Cod liver oil, Shark liver oil
Enzymes – Papaya, Diastase, Pancreatin, Yeast
Pharmaceutical Aids – Kaolin, Lanolin, Beeswax, Acacia,
Tragacanth, Sodium alginate, Agar, Guar gum, Gelatine
Miscellaneous – Squill, Galls, Ashwagandha, Tulsi, Guggul

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Chapter 6

Plant fibres used as surgical dressings: Cotton, silk, wool and regenerated fibres Sutures – Surgical Catgut and Ligatures

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Chapter 7

Basic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine like: Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homeopathy

Method of preparation of Ayurvedic formulations like: Arista, Asava, Gutika, Taila, Churna, Lehya and Bhasma

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Chapter 8

Role of medicinal and aromatic plants in national economy and their export potential

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Chapter 9

Herbs as health food:
Brief introduction and therapeutic applications of: Nutraceuticals, Antioxidants, Pro-biotics, Pre-biotics, Dietary fibres, Omega-3-fatty acids, Spirulina, Carotenoids, Soya and Garlic

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Chapter 10

Introduction to herbal formulations

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Chapter 11

Herbal cosmetics:
Sources, chemical constituents, commercial preparations, therapeutic and cosmetic uses of: Aloe vera gel, Almond oil, Lavender oil, Olive oil, Rosemary oil, Sandal Wood oil

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Chapter 12

Phytochemical investigation of drugs

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