Environmental Sciences Free Notes Download – B. Pharm

Unit I

The Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies Natural Resources

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Renewable and non-renewable resources

Natural resources and associated problems
a) Forest resources; b) Water resources; c) Mineral resources; d) Food resources; e) Energy resources; f) Land resources: Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources

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Unit II

Ecosystems

Concept of an ecosystem.
Structure and function of an ecosystem.
Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of the ecosystems: Forest ecosystem; Grassland ecosystem; Desert ecosystem; Aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries)

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Unit III

Environmental Pollution

Air pollution; Water pollution; Soil pollution

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