Community Health Nursing – I Free Notes Download – B.Sc. Nursing

Unit I

Introduction

Community health nursing
Definition, concept and dimensions of health
Definition, scope and importance of environment health
Need for public awareness.
Promotion of health
Maintenance of health

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Unit II

Determinants of health

Eugenics
Ecosystem
Concept of an ecosystem
Structure and function of an ecosystem
Producers, consumers and decomposers
Energy flowing the ecosystem
Ecological Succession
Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids
Introduction, types, characteristics features, structure and function of the
following ecosystem :-

a. Forest ecosystem
b. Grassland ecosystem
c. Desert ecosystem
d. Aquatic ecosystem (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries)

Environment:
Physical: Land, Air, light, ventilation, Water, Housing, Mineral resources,
Energy resources, Sanitation: disposal of waste, disposal of dead bodies,
Forestation, Noise, Climate, Communication: Infrastructure facilities and
Linkages
Acts regulating the environment: National Pollution Control Board
Bacterial & viral: Agents, host carriers and immunity
Arthopods and Rodents
Environmental ethics: Issues & Possible solutions.
Climate change: Global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear
accidents and holocaust.
Food hygiene: Production, preservation, purchases, preparation, consumption
Acts regulating food hygiene prevention of food adulteration act, Drugs and
cosmetic act
Socio-cultural
Customs, taboos
Marriage system
Family structure
Status of special groups; females, children, Elderly, challenged groups and sick
persons
Life Style – Equitable use of resources for sustainable life style
Hygiene
Physical activity
Recreation and sleep
Sexual life
Spiritual life philosophy
Self reliance  Dietary pattern  Education  Occupation
Financial Management  Income
Budget
Purchasing power  Security

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Unit III

Epidemiology

Definition, concept, aims, scope, uses and terminology used in epidemiology
Dynamics of disease transmission: epidemiological triad
Morbidity and mortality: measurements
Levels of prevention
Methods of epidemiology of

Descriptive
Analytical: Epidemic Investigation
Experimental

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Unit IV

Epidemiology and nursing management of Common Communicable

Respiratory infections

Small Pox
Chicken Pox
Measles
Influenza
Rubella
ARI’s & Pneumonia
Mumps
Diphtheria
Whooping cough
Meningococcal meningitis
Tuberculosis
SARS

Intestinal Infections

Poliomyelitis
Viral Hepatitis
Cholera
Diarrhoeal diseases
Typhoid fever
Food poisoning
Amoebiasis
Hook worm infection
Ascariasis
Dracunculiasis

Arthropod infections

Dengue
Malaria
Filariasis

Zoonoses
Viral

Rabies
Yellow fever
Japanese encephalitis
Kyansur forest disease

Bacterial

Brucellosis
Plague
Human Salmonellosis
Anthrax
Leptospirosis

Rickettsial diseases

Rickettsial zoonoses
Scrub typhus
Murine typhus
Tick typhus
Q fever

Parasitic zoonoses

Taeniasis
Hydatid disease
Leishmaniasis

Surface infection

Trachoma
Tetanus
Leprosy
STD & RTI
Yaws
HIV/AIDS
Any Other

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Unit V

Epidemiology and Nursing Management of non Communicable Diseases

Malnutrition: under nutrition, over nutrition, nutritional deficiencies
Anaemia
Hypertension
Stroke
Rheumatic, Heart Disease
Coronary Heart Disease
Cancer
Diabetes mellitus
Blindness
Accidents
Mental illness
Obesity
Iodine Deficiency
Fluorosis
Epilepsy

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Unit VI

Demography

Definition, concept and scope
Methods of collection, analysis and interpretation of demographic data
Demographic rates an ratios

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Unit VII

Population and its control

Population explosion and its impact on social, economic development of individual,
society and country
Population control:

Overall development: Women empowerment, social, economic and
educational development

Limiting family size:

Promotion of small family norm
Methods: spacing (natural, biological, chemical, mechanical methods etc)
Terminal: surgical methods
Emergency contraception

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